Conditions We Treat



Mood Conditions:

Major depression, also known as clinical depression or major depressive disorder (MDD),  is a mental health condition characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness,  and a lack of interest in previously enjoyable activities. It can impact a person’s thoughts,  feelings, and behavior, leading to a variety of emotional and physical problems. Symptoms  of major depression can vary in severity and may interfere with daily life and functioning.  Treatment often involves a combination of therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. 

Bipolar, formerly known as manic depression, is a mental health condition characterized by  extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows  (depression). These mood swings can affect a person’s energy levels, ability to think  clearly, and behavior. Bipolar disorder is a chronic condition that requires lifelong  management, but with proper treatment, including medication and psychotherapy,  individuals with bipolar disorder can lead fulfilling lives. 
Suicidality refers to thoughts, behaviors, or actions related to ending one’s own life. It  encompasses a wide range of experiences, from fleeting thoughts of death or self-harm to  detailed plans and attempts to commit suicide. Suicidality can occur in the context of  various mental health conditions, such as depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia,  as well as in response to stressful life events or traumatic experiences. It is important to  take any expression of suicidality seriously and seek help from mental health professionals  or emergency services if you or someone you know is experiencing suicidal thoughts or  behaviors.

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a type of mood disorder that occurs in some women after  childbirth. It is characterized by feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion that  can make it difficult for the mother to care for herself or her newborn. Postpartum  depression can occur within the first few weeks after childbirth, but it can also develop up  to a year later. It is different from the “baby blues,” which is a milder, more common  condition that affects up to 80% of new mothers. Treatment for postpartum depression  may include therapy, medication, and support groups.

Anxiety Conditions :

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mental health condition characterized by  persistent and excessive worry or anxiety about a variety of everyday things. People with  GAD may worry about things like work, health, family, or money, even when there is no apparent reason to worry. This excessive worry can cause significant distress and can  interfere with daily activities and relationships. Treatment for GAD typically includes  therapy, medication, or a combination of both. 
Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, unexpected panic  attacks. These attacks are sudden periods of intense fear or discomfort that reach a peak  within minutes. Panic attacks can include symptoms such as palpitations, sweating,  trembling, sensations of shortness of breath, feelings of choking, chest pain, nausea,  dizziness, derealization, or fear of losing control or “going crazy.” Panic disorder often  coexists with other conditions, such as depression or other anxiety disorders. Treatment  may include therapy, medication, or a combination of both.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop after  experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. Symptoms may include flashbacks,  nightmares, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable thoughts about the event. People with PTSD  may avoid situations or places that remind them of the traumatic event, and they may have  negative changes in beliefs or feelings about themselves or others. Treatment for PTSD  often includes psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition characterized by  intrusive, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors or mental acts  (compulsions). These obsessions and compulsions can significantly interfere with daily  activities and cause distress. People with OCD may feel driven to perform certain rituals or routines to alleviate the anxiety caused by their obsessions. Treatment for OCD typically  involves therapy, medication, or a combination of both. 

Acute Pain:

A migraine is a neurological condition characterized by recurrent, severe headaches that  are often accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to  light, sound, or smells. Migraines can cause intense throbbing or pulsing pain, usually on  one side of the head, and can last for hours to days. Some people may also experience aura,  which is a visual or sensory disturbance that occurs before or during the headache.  Migraines can be debilitating and may require treatment with medication to manage  symptoms and prevent future attacks.

Painful menstruation, also known as dysmenorrhea, is a common menstrual disorder  characterized by cramping or pain in the lower abdomen that occurs just before or during  menstruation. The pain can range from mild to severe and may be accompanied by other  symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fatigue. Primary dysmenorrhea is the  term used when painful periods occur in the absence of any underlying medical condition,  while secondary dysmenorrhea refers to painful periods that are caused by an underlying  medical condition, such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids. Treatment for painful  menstruation may include pain relievers, hormonal therapies, or lifestyle changes.

Cancer pain refers to pain that is caused by the presence of cancer or its treatment. It can  result from the cancer itself, such as tumors pressing on nerves, bones, or organs, or from  side effects of cancer treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.  Cancer pain can vary in intensity from mild to severe and may be acute (short-term) or  chronic (long-term). Effective management of cancer pain is essential for improving the  quality of life for individuals with cancer and may involve a combination of medications,  interventional procedures, and other therapies tailored to the individual’s needs.

Palliative pain refers to pain experienced by individuals with serious illnesses, such as  cancer, heart disease, or advanced neurological conditions, for which cure or disease modifying treatment may not be possible or may not be the immediate focus of care.  Palliative care aims to improve the quality of life of patients and their families by  addressing physical, emotional, and spiritual needs, including pain management. Palliative  pain management focuses on alleviating pain and discomfort, enhancing comfort and well being, and promoting dignity and quality of life, often through a multidisciplinary approach involving medications, physical therapies, psychological support, and other interventions  tailored to the individual’s needs and preferences. 

Chronic Pain Conditions:

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain,  fatigue, sleep disturbances, and mood issues. Researchers believe that fibromyalgia  amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way the brain processes pain signals.  Symptoms sometimes begin after a physical trauma, surgery, infection, or significant  psychological stress. In other cases, symptoms gradually accumulate over time with no  single triggering event. Women are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than are men. Many  people who have fibromyalgia also have tension headaches, temporomandibular joint  (TMJ) disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety, and depression. While there is no cure  for fibromyalgia, a variety of medications and other treatments can help control symptoms.  Exercise, relaxation and stress-reduction measures also may help.
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition characterized by  severe, continuous pain that is out of proportion to the severity of the initial injury. CRPS  typically affects one limb, often after an injury or trauma to that limb. The exact cause of  CRPS is not well understood, but it is thought to involve dysfunction of the peripheral and  central nervous systems. In addition to pain, symptoms of CRPS can include changes in skin  color and temperature, swelling, and abnormal sweating in the affected limb. Treatment for  CRPS usually involves a multidisciplinary approach that may include medications, physical  therapy, psychological support, and interventional procedures. Early diagnosis and  treatment can help improve outcomes for people with CRPS.
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS), also known as post-laminectomy syndrome, refers  to persistent or recurring back or leg pain after spinal surgery. Despite the term “failed,”  the surgery may have achieved its original goal, such as decompressing a nerve root or  stabilizing a segment of the spine, but the patient continues to experience pain. FBSS can  result from various factors, including recurrent disc herniation, persistent pressure on a  spinal nerve, scar tissue formation, spinal instability, or psychological factors. Treatment  for FBSS may include medications, physical therapy, nerve blocks, spinal cord stimulation,  or revision surgery, depending on the underlying cause of the pain.
Lyme arthritis is a type of arthritis that can occur in people with untreated Lyme disease,  which is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and transmitted through the bite of  infected ticks and fleas, mosqui. Ly, etc. Lyme arthritis typically affects large joints,  especially the knees, and is characterized by episodes of joint swelling and pain. The  arthritis may become chronic in some cases if the Lyme disease is not treated promptly.  Lyme arthritis is usually diagnosed based on symptoms, a history of tick exposure, and  blood tests. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications to  reduce joint inflammation and pain. 
Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists beyond the normal time of healing, which is  typically around three months. It can result from an initial injury or condition, such as  arthritis, fibromyalgia, or nerve damage, or it can occur without any clear cause. Chronic  pain can be debilitating and can significantly affect a person’s quality of life, including their  physical and mental well-being, relationships, and ability to work. Treatment for chronic  pain often involves a multidisciplinary approach that may include medications, physical  therapy, psychological support, and other interventions tailored to the individual’s needs. 

Substance Dependence syndromes:

Alcohol dependence is a pattern of excessive or harmful drinking behavior that can have  detrimental effects on an individual’s health, relationships, and overall well-being. It  involves consuming alcohol in a way that leads to negative consequences, such as physical  health problems, impaired judgment, strained relationships, or difficulties in daily  functioning. It’s important to recognize that alcohol abuse is not a personal failing but  rather a complex issue that can arise for various reasons, including genetic predisposition,  environmental factors, and psychological stressors. Individuals struggling with alcohol  abuse may find themselves caught in a cycle of addiction, where the urge to drink overrides  their ability to control their alcohol intake. Recovery from alcohol abuse is possible with  the right support and resources. Treatment often involves a combination of counseling,  support groups, and sometimes medication. Approaching individuals struggling with  alcohol abuse with kindness and empathy can help reduce stigma and encourage them to  seek the help they need to address their challenges and regain control of their lives.

Experience a strong urge to use opioids despite knowing the negative effects it can have on  their health and life. It’s important to understand that opioid dependence is not a choice  but rather a complex medical condition that affects the brain and behavior. People with  OUD may feel trapped in a cycle of opioid use, often needing more of the drug to feel the  same effects and experiencing withdrawal symptoms when they try to stop using. Treatment for opioid dependence is available and can be highly effective. It typically  involves a combination of medication, counseling, and support services. With the right help  and support, individuals with opioid dependence can recover and lead fulfilling lives. It’s  important to approach those with opioid dependence with empathy and understanding, as  they are facing a challenging medical condition that requires compassion and support.
It is a complex health condition characterized by the harmful or  problematic use of recreational substances. Individuals struggling with substance use  disorder may find themselves trapped in a cycle of use despite knowing the negative  impacts on their health, relationships, and overall well-being. It’s important to recognize  that substance use disorder is not a moral failing but rather a medical issue that can affect  anyone. People with substance use disorders may experience a range of challenges,  including physical and mental health issues, social isolation, and difficulties in daily life. Recovery from substance use disorder is possible with the right support and resources.  Treatment often involves a combination of therapy, medication, and support groups.  

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